Training Begins with Teaching Them Their Own Names
Before proceeding to such commands as "sit down", "wait" or "come", it is necessary to start with teaching the puppy his name. Since we call the little pup by his name, this refers to the "come" command. This is adequate for puppies that have just started their training, but it should not continue in this way in the long run. Although the dog's name does not count as an actual command, it is primarily intended to ensure the immediate execution of an instruction. The name is very important because, unfortunately, it is often used incorrectly. This is especially true of those cases when the puppy does something that is forbidden to him. In such a situation, many dog owners automatically call their dog by name harshly. The dog is then left in a dilemma. On the one hand, he wants to listen to the command in which his name is called, on the other hand, he feels very clearly that something is wrong. Even if it is difficult in some cases, the puppy's name should be used only when he is called in a positive way because only in this way can the puppy, and then when he is an adult dog, be ready to credibly come to the place where he was called by his name all the time. Name training is simple and usually results in a quick success. You just have to raise your voice a little and use a cheerful tone, puppies are pretty hasty anyway. If you call your dog by name and give him a treat when he comes to you, the dog will remember the name very quickly because a treat will be given by the caregiver each time he is called.
THE "COME" COMMAND
After the puppy hears its name, it makes sense to combine the call with the command "come". Because the name is actually used to get the dog's attention, then the command is given for him to hear a certain command. At the beginning of training, it only makes sense to give the "come" command when the puppy is already on his way coming to you. Thus, he has the opportunity to decipher the situation and associate a connection between the given command and the action he is doing. If the puppy is busy with something and has not yet internalized the command, then the command "come" will only be an unfamiliar word to him. This situation should be aware of and the dog should not in any way be reprimanded. During training, the puppy should be picked up from where it was. In this way, you advance with him step by step. Did I teach the puppy a correct command? What can I ask him for when he is in this situation?
• The attention span of puppies is very short. This means that you should make a good amount of time training the pup.
• The puppy should not be in a playful mood or lying down to sleep.
• He is a little tired, but he should still be careful.
• Practice as often as possible, ensuring that the puppy also enjoys it.
• Training should not take too long and preferably end in a positive way for the dog. So your little puppy can look forward to the next round of training.
THE "SIT DOWN" COMMAND
It is usually one of the first commands learned by a puppy. During training, there are two options: in the first one, it is used as an opportunity when the puppy is close to sitting or already sitting anywhere at random. All you have to do is say "sit down" and praise him. The second option is to actively bring him to the seat by walking towards the pup with a treat between your fingers and passing it over his nose so that he rests his head back. The puppy can jump and leap for a treat, but he must also sit and perform the "sit" command at the same time as the repeated motion, then eat the treat. At first, it should be only a small treat, so that the rate of these treats does not exceed the rate of their food.
THE "DROP IT" COMMAND
One of the most important commands that a dog should listen to reliably is the "drop it" command. When your dog is still a puppy, never get involved in a power play where he can win the game by aggressive snarling. If he behaves like this in a pulling game, cut the game short. A puppy should learn early and be ready and willing to take out a toy that he keeps in his mouth. This behavior should be rewarded at least as much as other commands. Learning this behavior is as important as how larger and stronger will the puppy become because of the breed of the puppy. The dog must accept that he is always number 2 and must deliver what is requested upon request. If the circumstance "going in the wrong direction", it's best to avoid distorting games altogether and prefer quieter games. However, work on the "drop it" command should continue. To work on this, the stages should be selected when the dog loses its first great interest in an object and is more willing to give up its prey. It would be of great importance to execute this command when the dog picks up something on the road that he shouldn't. In the worst case, this may be a harmful food, which he must immediately spit out from his mouth with the command "drop it". That's why you should practice the "drop it" command over and over before focusing too much on tricks like "give me your paw".
WHAT TO DO NEXT?
The puppy should not be pushed too far, when he has thoroughly learned a command you can pass onto a new command. These also include the commands "lie down" or "stay down". The main thing is the command "no", which he will probably hear quite often. You should not punish your puppy, but briefly tell him that a certain behavior is undesirable. For instance, if you catch your dog in the act of making mischief in the living room, immediately lift him up from where he is and send him out of the room to show him where the right place is. Although, if you find a puddle in the house, you should just clean it without comment. Even if the puppy is put right in front of the puddle, he will not be able to establish a connection with the real action. Both the reward and the punishment for certain situations can and should always be given within seconds.